Readings in 'Race: A Theological Account' (The Prelude)
"The ancient Gnostics thus ended up with a nonmaterial Christ (one situated between pneumatic and psychic mankind), one lacking interhuman and interlinguistic Jewish flesh, flesh that was not embedded in the history of Israel.... [Here] I tell the story of how the loss of a Jewish-inflected account ... of Christian identity cleared the way for whiteness to function as a replacement doctrine of creation. Hence, the world was re-created from the colonial conquests from the late fifteenth century forward in the image of white dominance, where 'white' signifies not merely pigmentation but a regime of political and economic power for arranging the world."
J. Kameron Carter, Race: A Theological Account, pp. 34-35